Ecosystem: ec·o·sys·tem / ˈēkōˌsistəm/noun/ECOLOGY
How To Build A Pond, seems to be a frequently asked question in today's day and age, with UV Filters, Concrete Waterfalls, and a dozens of other self proclaimed expert Pond Builders all over the WWW and YouTube who are you to believe. We are not here to argue Pond Building techniques. What we will explain in this page is how we have installed hundreds of successful Low Maintenance ponds in the Lexington Kentucky (KY) Area that are still functioning great today.
Over the next couple of weeks we will Talk About the Five Elements of the Healthy Ecosystem in Detail.
Components of The Ecosystem Pond
Filtration System - Includes the use of both a biological and a mechanical filter.A BioFalls® (biological filter) provides surface area for beneficial bacteria to colonize and remove excess nutrients from the water.
A Skimmer (mechanical filter) will not only pre-filter the water and house the pump; it will also skim debris from the water's surface to prevent the accumulation of organic materials on the pond floor.
Rocks & Gravel - Rocks and gravel will not only protect pond liners from UV light degradation, but they will also provide tremendous surface area for beneficial bacteria to break down excess nutrients in the water and dissolved organic debris on the pond floor.
Recirculation System - This is really just a fancy way of saying "pumps and plumbing." The proper size pump and pipe diameter are extremely important for the aesthetics of a water feature. More importantly, an efficient circulation system will keep the water moving and provide the necessary oxygen levels for healthy fish and plants.
Fish - Fish are an integral part of any ecosystem. Unfortunately, fish are often seen as high maintenance. Contrary to popular belief, fish actually reduce pond maintenance as they graze on string algae and bottom feed from the pond floor. They also make very enjoyable pets, providing hours of natural entertainment.
Plants - Mother Nature's true filters, plants are great for adding character to a pond by providing color and texture, but from a filtration perspective, they're second to none. Thriving from the excess nutrients in a pond and depriving algae of its food source, the aquatic plants in a water garden, given proper coverage, are critical for the overall health of the ecosystem.